Corns and Calluses Guide
Corns and Callus are very common foot issues that are thick, hard layers of skin that are caused by repatitve friction and pressure in the same area. Usually these unsightly eye sores called corns and calluses will develope on the hands or feet. We’re experts at removing these nasty things, so let us help you heal and prevent any further issues.
Symptoms & Causes – Corns and Calluses
These hardened layers of skin form when your skin tries to protect you from pressure and friction. Generally, they will form on the fingers, toes, feet or hands.People with blood flow issues or diabetes are at a greater risk of complications.
Symptoms: Common issues could include:
- Dry, flaky, or waxy skin
- Hard raised bump or bumps
- A tough area of skin
ATTENTION: Corns and Calluses are two separate foot issues.
Corns: Usually these have a hard center surrounded by inflamed skin. Corns commonly form in areas on your feet that don’t bear a lot of weight.
Calluses:Almost everyone has had a callus. These usually form on the soles of your feet, on your palms, knees, or heels. Calluses are not painful at all
Medical Help:If you have medical conditions that involve restricted blood flow or diabetes, please call seek medical assistance.
Causes: Recurring pressure in the same area will cause corns and calluses to form. Known sources of friction may include:
- Small Shoes: Narrow, high and tight shoes will crowd your feet. Find shoes that allow for feet to move slightly with about 1 thumbs space between the wall of the shoe and toe.
- No Socks: Without socks or something on your feet, you will create a lot of friction.
- Repetitive Hand Movement:Recurring movements seem to cause calluses to form.
Risk Factor:These foot issues might increase your chances of corns and calluses.
- Foot Deformities
Prevention:Trying these verified approaches might help you prevent corns and calluses.
- Protection Pads: Most people try felt pads, corn pads, toe separators, or lambs wool.
- Large Shoes: Make sure you can wiggle all your toes. You should be able to slightly move your foot with any restriction.
Diagnosis & Treatment – Corns and Calluses
Diagnosis: Once your doctor has examined your foot they will also rule out other causes that could have similar symptoms. If the issue is severe the doctor may order an x-ray.
Treatment: Stop performing activities that are causing you to form corns and calluses. If you would like to resolve the issue then wear shoes that fit, massage, and use pads. Sometimes these issues become painful, most medical treatment can provide relief.
- Shoe Insoles: Your podiatrist might suggest tailor made shoe inserts that allow your foot to align properly.
- Callus Removal: Your acting physician might also prescribe a medication to remove the areas. If medications don’t work then you will need to use a nail file, or pumice stone to remove dried dead skin.
- Skin Trimming: If the corn or callus becomes to large you can request that your doctor trims or removes it.
- Surgery: If the bone isn’t able to be re-aligned with standard producers then your doctor may advise you get surgery to fix the area causing the friction.
Lifestyle Changes: If you have pre-existing medical conditions like diabetes or poor blood flow, then please seek help from your podiatrist before attempting to treat on your own feet. If you have no health issues, then please try these recommendations to expel corns and calluses.
- Moisturize Skin: Try to keep the skin as soft as possible this will make it hard for the skin to dry up.
- Soak Feet: Let your hands and feet sit in warm soapy water for a few hours, then rub with pumice to remove dry dead skin.
- OTC Pads: Protect the affected area with a pad to reduce the friction that’s creating the corn or callus.
- Large Shoes: Find shoes that provide enough room for your foot to move around slightly.