Bunion Treatment Guide
Bunions are a very common foot issue that may be genetic triggered or brought on by the types of shoes you wear. Stop living in pain and suffering daily, start your bunion treatment today and walk easier.
Symptoms & Causes – Bunion
A bunion is basically a bony bump that forms at the out corner of your big toe. Issues arise when the big toe pushes against the partnering toe, forcing the joint of your big toe to get larger and stick out further. Footwear that is narrow, or too tight could cause the bunions to get worse. Bunions could potentially be inherited as part of a structural defect. Smaller bunions could develop on the outer joint of your little toe.
Common signs and symptoms of a bunion:
- Consistent pain
- Soreness, redness, or swelling around the big toe.
- Limited movement of the big toe
- A large bump on the outer joint of the big toe.
- Calluses or Corns, these develop on the first and second toes that overlap.
Caution: Typically small bunion issues don’t require medical treatment. See your physician who specializes in treating foot ailments if:
- Can’t find shoes that fit normal.
- Restricted movement of your big toe.
- A noticeable bump on the big toe joint.
- Consistent big toe joint pain or foot pain.
Causes: It’s unknown how bunions develop, the exact bunion cause is unknown. Most foot experts can’t agree on what common foot issue contributes to bunion development. Based on our research, factors likely include:
- Foot Injuries
- Foot Birth Deformities
- Inherited Foot Type
- Genetics: The body might have a predisposition to generate a structurally defective foot.
- Small Shoes: People wearing shoes that are too narrow and small.
- High Heels: High heels tilt your toes into the front of your shoes, which causes crowding.
Complications: Unless surgically removed bunions are permanent. Some of the most common complications include:
- Metatarsalgia: This ailment causes inflammation and pain in the ball of your foot.
- Hammertoe: This awkward bend occurs near the middle joint of a toe, usually the toe near the big toe, which could cause pain and pressure.
- Bursitis: This awful condition happens when the small fluid pads that cushion bones become inflamed.
- Make sure your shoes wrap gently around your feet without pressing or squeezing the foot at all.
- Select shoes carefully. No pointy toes, you should have a wide box and space between the longest toe and tip of the shoe.
Diagnosis & Treatment – Bunion:
Identifying a bunion is easily done by getting your foot completely examined by your doctor. Once the X-Ray of the foot is done your doctor will be able to identify the cause of the bunion and how serious the damage is.
How to treat a bunion: Each persons treatment regimen option is unique and ultimately depends on how serious the bunion is. Bunions can be treated at home as well. Treatments that are non-surgical that might relieve the pain and pressure include:
- Shoe Inserts: Over the counter shoe inserts or arch supports may work for most, some might need orthotic support.
- Pharmacy Medications: Any type of medication that contains Acetaminophen or naproxen sodium will help you reduce the pain
- Multiple Shoes: Having a few pairs of shoes that are comfortable and roomy will easily provide enough room for feet to move.
- Icing and Heating: Use a heating pad and cold press to reduce inflammation.
- Splints and Padding: Wrap the bunion in a well-padded splint.
Surgical Treatments: If self-treatment doesn’t provide any results, you might just need surgery. Surgery is only recommended if you feel frequent pain that interferes with your life. Common surgical procedures for bunions:
- Fusing the bones of your affected joint indefinitely.
- Removing the swollen tissue near the bunion.